One of the main advantages of the Huawei is its very wide dynamic range in both monochrome mode and the regular color shooting mode. The P10 boasts some of the most impressive stills I've seen when it comes to dynamic range. I pay a great deal of attention to that specific attribute because i can really make a difference on the image details and image quality as a while.
I remember taking pictures with my Canon EOS 400D DSLR a few years ago. Back then I didn't even know what dynamic range is, but even with a DSLR camera with a sensor that has 5.6 micron pixels, I always envied those images taken with Full Frame Nikon DSLR cameras. I asked people in forums why my images look a bit dull compared to a specific Nikon FF camera (can't remember the specific model). People told me that that Nikon DSLRs are know for their great sensor and high dynamic range. So how this translates to better image quality? Well, you get to see more details in the shadow and highlight portions of the image. The image therefore looked more unified in terms of exposure. Cameras that produce relatively low dynamic range tend to look more dull, with more prominent difference between the lit and dark tone areas. This produce an image that doesn't look so natural, at least if you compare the shot versus how you've seen it in your own eyes.
Anyways, looking at sample images taken with the Huawei P10 just blew my mind. Shadow in areas of the image look less dark and revealed more details in those areas. So instead of seeing a dark tones that are almost pitch black, you start seeing colors and details in those areas. This means that the sensor is capable of bringing up colors data in what could have been almost completely black (underexposed) or white (overexposed). For example, clouds in the sky in images taken in very bright daylight won't appear overexposed and have better color gradation. Details in areas with dark shadows are now easily visible in the picture.
This makes the image look more realistic, and closely resembles how I saw it in my own eyes. The dynamic range is a really important thing to look for when analyzing the camera's performance. I'm interested to see how DxOMark ranks the dynamic range for the P10 rear camera, I'm sure it will be really impressive. The lens also has an effect how bright the image is. I remember using a cheap Canon lens, the EF 28-80mm if I remember right. I remember really not liking the contrast of the image. Once I mounted my 50mm f/1.8 lens, the image took a whole new look and I was very pleased with the results. This isn't really an issue with mobile phone cameras because they use a prime lens, and usually very fast ones. I also believe that the monochrome sensor was also very useful here, because the image interpolation algorithm can use the light data from the monochrome sensor to enhance the color image, so it will appear brighter with more striking colors, brightness and contrast. The Huawei P10 also allows you to shoot in RAW image format, which allows you to produce images with even better color depth, sharpness and details.
Overall, I'm really pleased with the wide dynamic range, and if you eventually get this smartphone, I'm sure your are going to enjoy viewing the photos that you'll take with it.